After heel strike, a flat foot will be seen to lean inward excessively during the gait cycle. This excessive pronation indicates that the arch is collapsing too much and that the foot and ankle are not providing enough stability for the body. Also, extra stress is placed on the big toe and second toe at the end of the stride. Don’t worry, you don’t have to remember everything here, but hopefully this will give you a general idea of what to look for. At the very least, this may help you better understand what the salesman is talking about the next time you buy running shoes.
The most poorly understood Achilles tendon injury is actually not an injury of the tendon, but an inflammation of the bursa sac that separates the tendon insertion on the heel bone from the back of your ankle. The fluid in the bursa actually allows the tendon to move smoothly over the bone. When the bursa sac becomes irritated from frequent or abnormal movement, it becomes inflamed and bursitis can set in. If this motion is unavailable, the foot will overpronate to make up for the limitation. By stretching the calf muscle properly, these forces acting on the foot can be reduced and can help to prevent lower extremity injuries.
Prevention The best prevention may be to get advice from your podiatrist. Treatment for a cavus foot type is always easier when signs and symptoms are first noticed as the foot is more flexible. Over time the foot structure will become more rigid as the foot and muscles adapt to its position. If you do have a noticibly high arched foot with standing then a stretching exercise routine maybe advisable to keep the muscle tone strong preventing further problems. Whether running is a part of your exercise program or you are a professional runner, you should have proper running trainers to protect your feet
A cavus foot with some motion available at the STJ allows forpartial compensation and may be treated in a variety of ways.Compensations can also occur at the midtarsal joint or fartherup the chain at the ankle and knee. More rigid feet, whichremain uncompensated, may need very specific custom shoes,foot orthotics, or surgery to alleviate the symptoms and pain. Neutral or normal feet – After examining your feet , if you come to know that you don’t have a high – arched or flat foot , you have normal or neutral feet If the foot -print test is done, you will find that you have a clear curve inward.
A high-arched foot is usually best served by a Cushioned (or Neutral-Cushioned) shoe. These shoes are designed to have a softer midsole and more flexibility. These shoes do not have any added devices for stability or support. Their main focus is to provide a high level of balanced cushioning to encourage more a natural foot motion. Sometimes, when the degree of supination is severe, a Motion Control shoe may be used to control excessive outward motion. Heels – For walking, you should select a shoe with flat heels that are not flared. Low heels with less flare give momentum to foot while walking, which reduces the impact on your foot
Custom support devices called foot orthotics can be prescribed by a healthcare professional. These are often very helpful because they are precisely molded to the individual’s arch and provide extra support to relieve stress on the foot. Side Effects What are the side effects of the treatments? If high arches are untreated, the person’s ability to perform activities of daily living can be affected. Because it can be difficult for an individual to get enough exercise for cardiovascular health, chronic health problems may develop. After Treatment What happens after treatment for the condition?